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Penny Schwarze is Professor of Music at the College of St. Scholastica, where she teaches stringed instruments and music history. She has an M.A. and Ph.D. in musicology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and a B.A. degree is from Whitman College. Additional studies include a year of violin study in Angers, France, and summer workshops in early instruments. Research interests include violin performance practice of the Baroque and Classic periods. Her articles on Baroque violin techniques appear in the Journal of the Violin Society of America. She also writes program notes for the Duluth-Superior Symphony Orchestra. She performs on Baroque violin and viola da gamba with the Center for Early Music Orchestra and with St. Scholastica early music ensembles. She also performs as a violinist with the Duluth-Superior Symphony Orchestra